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Drug & Alcohol Rehab Centres, Counselling, & Support
Oxfordshire

Find help and support for addiction in your local area

    Drug & Alcohol Rehab in Oxfordshire

    Admitting you have an addiction is not easy; it requires incredible courage and vulnerability.

    However, as soon as you confess to needing help, you are already on the way to battling your addiction. This is because you are no longer allowing your addiction to trap you in shame and guilt.

    After you accept that you are dependent on substances, it can be difficult to know where to turn. OK Rehab is here to demonstrate the support that is available to you in Oxfordshire, from outpatient programmes to residential rehab centres.

    Together, we can discuss your situation and find out which option would benefit you the most. The majority of the time, this is residential rehab, where you stay in a centre for 28 days and undergo intensive rehabilitation.

    As well as helping you, we can also help any friends or family that you are concerned about. We can advise you on how to confront them about their addiction, as well as how to select the best treatment option for them.

    Asking for help for your addiction can be very tough. Seeking help with Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Oxfordshire will allow you to get the help you need to overcome addiction.

    Ok Rehab is available to inform you about how to access support for yourself or a loved one to find and engage with appropriate treatment.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    How common is addiction in Oxfordshire?

    The outside of a bar

    Oxfordshire County Council has published research that estimates alcohol and drug addiction in Oxfordshire is slightly lower than the national average.

    However, there are still individuals struggling with addiction in Oxfordshire, as the study estimates that 87% of individuals experiencing alcohol addiction and 4060% of people struggling with drug addiction are not receiving the support they need. [1]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    What is classed as an addiction?

    Woman crying on a bench

    Addiction is a disorder that affects all elements of life. If your use of alcohol or drugs is severely impacting your physical or mental health, relationships, leisure activities and ability to work, there is a chance that you are experiencing addiction.

    If you are concerned about yourself or a loved one, there are some questions you can ask to determine if you are struggling with an addiction.

    • Do you feel you should cut down on your drinking or use of other substances?
    • Do people criticise you for your drinking or use of other substances?
    • Do you ever feel guilty about your drinking or use of other substances?
    • Do you drink early in the morning to make it through the day?

    If the answer to any of these questions is yes, you can read about how you can help yourself or a loved one to access support for drug and alcohol rehab in Oxfordshire. [2]

    You can contact OK Rehab on 0800 326 5559 or request a call back from one of the dedicated teams who will be able to give you advice and support on your addiction journey.

    You can also use the resources on this website to learn more about symptoms and warning signs of addiction and learn more about Ok Rehab and the services they provide in Oxfordshire.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    How Can I Support a Loved One With Their Rehab Journey?

    Woman crying and a man comforting her

    When faced with the issue of supporting a loved one through their addiction, it is essential that you demonstrate unconditional love and support.

    Your loved one will likely be experiencing feelings of shame and disappointment, so it is important that you do not exacerbate this.

    It is a good idea to suggest ideas for help, such as an outpatient programme or residential rehab in Oxfordshire. However, do not expect them to immediately accept this offer, as it is more likely that there will be a time of denial.

    If your loved one is dealing with a severe addiction that is threatening their life, we recommend staging an intervention with medical professionals. Though this can seem extreme, you could save their life by intervening.

    Perhaps you are wondering how to support a friend or family member who has returned from rehab. We would recommend planning activities that do not revolve around drugs or alcohol.

    You could spend time with them in different ways, such as going to the cinema, eating at a restaurant, or playing sports. Another way to support them is by attending family therapy with them.

    This will help you to understand one another and reduce any feelings of bitterness.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Would Rehab in Oxfordshire Benefit Me?

    A woman drinking tea outside

    Residential rehab is ideal for anyone who is struggling with addiction, no matter how mild or severe. Some addictions that are commonly treated in rehab are alcohol, cocaine, heroin, and prescription medications.

    However, if you are struggling with a different substance, there will be a rehab centre that can help you.

    If you are unsure whether you are dealing with an addiction, consider whether substances are affecting your physical health, mental health, relationships, social life, and employment. The same applies if you are concerned about a loved one.

    1. Physical health

    When drugs and alcohol start to affect your physical health, it’s a sign that you are already deep into addiction. You may experience unpleasant body odour, bloodshot eyes, nausea, persistent flu-like symptoms, or tremors.

    The initial detox that is carried out at rehab will restore your physical health so that you no longer have to deal with these negative symptoms.

    The longer you practise a sober lifestyle, the better you will feel as you are no longer pumping your body full of toxic chemicals.

    2. Mental health

    There is a strong correlation between addiction and mental health. If you suffer from a mental health condition, you are more likely to fall into addiction. Equally, if you use substances, you are more likely to develop a mental health condition.

    Your mental health is a priority for the staff at rehab; you will have therapy sessions every day. Though pre-existing conditions cannot be magically cured, you will learn useful coping mechanisms that help to keep you in a sound state of mind.

    3. Relationships

    When you are regularly consuming substances, you are likely to experience changes in personality. Often, this includes paranoia, irritability, mood swings, and low self-esteem. As a result, you may push family and friends away.

    Rehab is a place of restoration. You can engage in family therapy to heal any wounds in your relationships.

    When you leave rehab, you will be back to your sober self, and therefore there will no longer be negative symptoms that make you act in an unusual way.

    4. Social life

    The social life of those who use substances varies massively. On one hand, you may go out drinking or using drugs every single life, prioritising your social life over everything else.

    On the other hand, social withdrawal could occur as you want to escape social situations in order to use substances without anyone knowing.

    When you leave rehab, you are encouraged to rebuild your life to prevent relapse. This could involve seeking out new hobbies that do not involve substances.

    Though your social life may look very different post-rehab, it does not have to be worse. You could find hobbies revolving around sports, art, music, or academics.

    5. Employment

    If substances dominate your life, it is likely that you are prioritising them over work. This could manifest in plenty of sick days, a lack of motivation when at work, distancing yourself from colleagues, and/or performing worse than usual.

    Unfortunately, these factors sometimes result in job loss.

    Getting sober is the best thing you can do for your brain. You will have more motivation, better decision-making skills, and better memory. All of these skills are part of what makes an excellent employee.

    You will likely want to put more effort into your job, which will improve your job prospects. If work has contributed to your addiction problem, you can receive help and advice at rehab through career conversations.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    What can I do before attending rehab?

    A young woman in a therapy session talking

    Providing Support to Loved Ones

    There are some ways you can try to reduce the impact of addiction early. One way of doing this is by increasing the support of family members and friends to build a network around the individual struggling with addiction.

    This support is very beneficial as it can help alleviate some of the feelings of loneliness and depression associated with addiction. It can help to encourage open and honest communication and build motivation to work towards recovery. [3]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Professional Intervention

    It can be very painful to witness a loved one battle addiction. One option in this situation is to arrange an intervention with a professional based in Oxfordshire.

    The goal of intervention is to gently encourage individuals struggling with addiction to seek treatment. Recovery from addiction can only happen when there is acceptance of a problem.

    It can be difficult to see a friend or family member struggling and not know how to help them.

    Intervention is a meeting with a trained professional to help with the process of acceptance and identifying the next steps for potential treatment.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    How Much Does Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Oxfordshire Cost?

    someone counting money

    The price of drug and alcohol rehab varies depending on the kind of treatment.

    The two types of drug and alcohol rehab available in Oxfordshire are outpatient, where the treatment takes place from home and inpatient, where you move into a residential treatment centre for the duration of the rehab process.

    The average daily cost for inpatient treatment in the UK is £495, around £14,000 for the full recommended 28 days of treatment.

    There are centres that charge much more than this, at around £10,000 a week, and those that charge much less, at around £1,000 a week.

    There are luxury facilities available, the kind of centres that celebrities receive treatment in. This kind of centre offers deluxe packages with access to on-site spas, extra security, and additional, more expensive treatment.

    These centres can cost upwards of £73,000 for 30 days. [4]

    The price for drug and addiction treatment in Oxfordshire varies, so it is advised to investigate the costs of different centres before committing to treatment.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Can I Access Rehab Through the NHS?

    two people sitting holding hands

    A lot of outpatient treatment is accessible on the NHS at no cost to the individual. This can include counselling and various forms of addiction support that can be accessed in the community.

    Outpatient care is often the first port of call, as NHS referrals to inpatient facilities often only take place once all other options have been tried. It is rare for residential treatment to be funded by the NHS.

    While it is not impossible to access NHS referred residential support, it is important to consider that spaces are limited and waiting lists are often long.

    This means that most people who access inpatient treatment -within Oxfordshire and beyond- do so privately.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Is Rehab Covered by Health Insurance?

    Man thinking

    Some insurance providers will help in covering the costs of inpatient treatment for drug and alcohol addiction. Most people who access inpatient treatment cover the costs through insurance and payment plans.

    Every insurance provider and plan is different, so make sure to check if you can access help by asking your insurance advisors for assistance.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    How long does rehab last?

    a therapy session

    The duration of rehab varies depending on your circumstance, from between seven and 90 days.

    Seven days is the minimum stay for a detox from alcohol. However, most professionals recommend a 28-day stay to increase the therapeutic value of the treatment.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Alcohol Detox & Rehab in Oxfordshire

    Person holding medication and tea

    Treatment for alcohol addiction is required when alcohol is not consumed solely in social and recreational contexts.

    When alcohol consumption develops into addiction, individuals can become dependent and experience potentially life-threatening symptoms. [5]

    Treatment begins with detoxing, a process of emptying the body of alcohol to reduce the physical symptoms associated with alcohol addiction.

    The timeline for alcohol withdrawal varies from person to person, but the final stage is usually around 72 hours.

    Alcohol detox in Oxfordshire can happen in an inpatient or outpatient setting. However, due to the physical complications that can be associated with withdrawal, inpatient treatment is recommended in severe cases.

    After detoxing, the rehabilitation stage can begin, which involves treatment for the psychological causes that may have led to addiction, as well as the impact that the dependency may have had on mental well-being.

    Treatments may include cognitive-behavioural therapy, individual therapy and group therapy sessions. [6]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Cocaine Detox and Rehab in Oxfordshire

    A man in therapy

    Cocaine is a stimulant. It is known as a ‘party drug’ and can be highly addictive. [7] There are drug and alcohol rehab facilities in Oxfordshire that can help with cocaine addiction.

    Cocaine rehabilitation can occur either in an inpatient or outpatient setting.

    Often, residential rehabilitation is a preferred option so the process of withdrawal can be safely overseen by medical professionals.

    After detoxing, the rehabilitation process can begin. Common therapeutic treatments in cocaine rehabilitation include cognitive-behavioural therapy, twelve-step facilitation therapy and motivational interviewing. [8]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Heroin Detox and Rehab in Oxfordshire

    Person holding pills

    Heroin is an opioid drug that acts as a stimulant. It is rare to see recreational heroin use, as the drug is so addictive that use quickly turns to dependency. [9]

    There are drug and alcohol rehab facilities in Oxfordshire that can help with heroin addiction.

    Heroin rehabilitation is an intense process that involves maintenance therapy. Due to this, heroin rehabilitation takes place in an inpatient setting so patients can be monitored closely by medical professionals.

    This therapy is a kind of detox where a safer, medically approved opioid such as methadone is substituted for heroin to allow the body to withdraw safely. [10]

    After detoxing from heroin, the rehabilitation process can begin. Frequent treatments for heroin addiction are therapeutic treatments such as cognitive-behavioural therapy in individual or group settings.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Cannabis Rehab in Oxfordshire

    A young person with a therapist

    Cannabis (also known as marijuana) is a psychoactive drug. [11]

    In the UK, Cannabis is the most frequently used illegal drug. [12]

    Despite some views that cannabis is not harmful, frequent use can result in addiction, with research suggesting that 30% of cannabis users may have a cannabis-use disorder or dependency. [13]

    There are drug and alcohol rehab facilities in Oxfordshire that can help with cannabis addiction.

    Cannabis addiction can be treated in inpatient or outpatient contexts depending on the individual’s needs and the severity of the circumstances.

    After detoxing, rehabilitation can occur. For cannabis use, this usually takes the form of cognitive-behavioural therapy, contingency management, and motivational enhancement therapy. [14]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    What Happens at Residential Rehab in Oxfordshire?

    supportive

    Most drug and alcohol rehabs in Oxfordshire are located in the beautiful countryside, with stunning views all around. Recovery is easier when you are living in such a tranquil environment without the distractions of city life.

    When you first arrive at rehab, staff will perform an evaluation of your mental and physical health. This helps them to produce a personalised treatment plan for you, consisting of the most useful therapies and practices they can employ.

    After the evaluation, you are ready to start the detox, which involves ridding your body of chemicals produced by drugs and alcohol. We know that many people are fearful of detox owing to the withdrawal symptoms that can arise.

    However, these symptoms will not become dangerous as you will be constantly assessed to see if you need medication such as beta-blockers, benzodiazepines, vaccines, or relapse prevention drugs.

    If you do experience some withdrawal symptoms, they are likely to reach their peak in the first few days and then slowly start to improve. Occasionally, patients experience something called post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

    This mainly causes psychological issues such as depression, anxiety, fatigue, irritability, low libido, poor concentration, insomnia, and chronic pain.

    PAWS is more likely to occur in those who: have a long history of substance abuse, have been consuming substances frequently, or have pre-existing mental health conditions.

    Thanks to the intense nature of rehab, medical professionals can intervene to support patients dealing with PAWS. The good news is that it will only last several days, and then you can enjoy better physical health.

    When the detox process is complete, you will enter the rehabilitation stage of drug and alcohol rehab. This concentrates on the state of your mental health.

    Therapy is the main activity in this stage, but you will also practise general healthy living, including healthy eating, exercise, yoga, meditation, and mindfulness.

    The daily routine at rehab will be different for each patient. However, the idea is to wake up early, engage in therapy sessions throughout the day, participate in leisure activities, and go to sleep early.

    There will be three healthy home-cooked meals available every day. It is sometimes possible for family and friends to visit on a set day. However, certain rehabs only allow family visits in the form of family therapy.

    If you would like to learn more about how residential rehab works before committing to it, you can visit a centre in person.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    What Types of Therapy are Available at Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Oxfordshire?

    Paint brushes

    Therapy is a core part of any drug and alcohol rehabilitation process. At facilities in Oxfordshire, there is a range of therapies available to suit the specific needs of each individual.

    Therapy for drug and alcohol addiction is tailored to fit each person to maximise the positive impact of treatment.

    Therapy usually falls into three categories: individual, group, and family.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Individual Therapy

    A man in a therapy session looking stressed

     

    Individual therapy is one-to-one therapy between one individual and a trained medical professional.

    Individual therapy is the most used type of therapy, as it allows individuals to identify what has led them to treatment and then work through these things with a clinical professional to guide them.

    One-on-one therapy allows people to get to know themselves better and to understand their thoughts, feelings, and experiences in a safe and supported setting.

    Focusing on one individual means that the therapy can be tailored specifically to the needs of each individual, and a strong therapeutic relationship can be built between the patient and clinician. [15]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Group Therapy

    AA meeting

    Group therapy is available during the process of drug and alcohol rehab.

    Regular meetings of small groups (usually six-to-twelve people) meet to discuss their experiences, feelings, and thoughts in a safe environment. These meetings are overseen by trained professionals.

    Research has shown that group therapy is a powerful tool in addiction recovery, as, alongside the work done in one-to-one therapy, it can help with feelings of loneliness, low mood, guilt, and shame. [16]

    The support and encouragement from peers can be invaluable in the healing process. It can help to reinstate a feeling of community that can be lost to addiction-related isolation.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Family Therapy

    A young woman in a therapy session

    The impact of addiction goes further than the individual who is struggling.

    The ramifications of addiction can affect friends, family and loved ones and can cause a lot of tension, confusion and upset.

    Family therapy is helpful in addiction recovery as it can show those struggling with addiction that they are not alone, increase their support network, and encourage open and honest communication between the family.

    There are a lot of emotions around addiction. Family therapy provides a safe space for these emotions to be explored in a positive, healthy, and productive manner. [17]

    Therapies available at drug and alcohol rehab in Oxfordshire may include:

    • CBT
    • DBT
    • Brief interventions
    • Motivational interviewing
    • Holistic therapies
    • Group therapy
    • Individual therapy
    • Family therapy
    • Co-dependency treatment
    • Twelve-step Facilitation Therapy (TSF)

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

    A man in a one to one therapy session

    Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (or CBT) is a talking therapy used to treat a range of different mental health issues.

    It focuses on identifying, understanding, and challenging difficult behaviours and thinking patterns by understanding thoughts and actions are directly connected. [18]

    CBT works through the idea that if we can challenge our thinking, we can challenge our behaviours, and vice versa.

    CBT involves practising and taking part in exercises both inside and outside of therapy sessions to build up confidence, lower stress levels and help deal with underlying mood disorders.

    CBT can be used on its own or alongside other therapies in a rehabilitation setting. [19]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT)

    a therapy session

    Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT) is a type of talking therapy closely based on CBT that is especially effective at treating individuals with bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder. [20]

    DBT has been adapted to help individuals with addiction.

    DBT works through the idea of challenging unhelpful and difficult thoughts and behaviours but also emphasises the importance of self-acceptance in the recovery process.

    Like CBT, DBT also involves taking part in exercises both inside and outside of therapy sessions to help make positive changes in day-to-day life.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Brief Interventions

    Two people sitting discussing treatment

    The goal of brief intervention is to reduce alcohol or drug use to low levels.

    It does not require complete detox; it instead functions on the belief that identifying an unhealthy relationship and working to reduce the behavioural aspects of drug and alcohol use can be beneficial.

    Interventions are usually used before rehabilitation programmes, with a detox-led recovery being a secondary option if required. [21]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Motivational Interviewing

    A man in therapy

    Motivational interviewing is a kind of therapy that helps individuals struggling with addiction to feel as though recovery is worthwhile. It focuses on building confidence and the desire to make healthy changes. [22]

    It can help to identify motivations for making the positive choice to work towards addiction recovery, which can then increase the effectiveness of drug and alcohol rehab.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Holistic Therapies

    Paint brushes

    Holistic therapies offer an alternative to a traditional, talking-based therapeutic treatment.

    Holistic therapies are becoming increasingly popular and are frequently used alongside forms of therapy such as CBT, DBT and counselling to help tackle stress, anxiety, and low mood in different ways. [23]

    Holistic therapies can include activities that attempt to balance the mind, body, and spirit and often inspire interests that can assist with an individual and personal recreational recovery.

    Holistic therapies may include:

    • Equine therapy
    • Music therapy
    • Art therapy
    • Adventure Therapy
    • Yoga
    • Tai chi
    • Aromatherapy
    • Meditation
    • Mindfulness

    You can find out more about these and other types of holistic therapy here.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Co-dependency Treatment

    A family therapy session

    Co-dependency happens when a relationship is not equal and begins to have a negative impact on one or both individuals.

    This can happen when an individual in a relationship is expected to make choices for the other person’s benefit repeatedly, to their own detriment. [24]

    Co-dependency treatment allows both parties to express their feelings and establish a new, healthier mode of being together.

    Co-dependency treatment is especially helpful in romantic relationships. Treatment can help challenge negative self-perceptions and build positive interactions.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Twelve Step Facilitation Therapy (TSF)

    A lady in therapy

    The 12 Steps are guidelines for principles to help with overcoming addiction. These steps are closely aligned with spirituality.

    By following the twelve steps and attending meetings, Twelve Step Facilitation Therapy aims to help with the behavioural and emotional elements of addiction. [25]

    You can read more about the 12 steps here.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Dual-diagnosis and Rehab

    A man in a therapy session looking stressed

    Often when an individual is treated for addiction, there are other disorders that factor into their overall mental health.

    Not all individuals who struggle with addiction have an additional mental health disorder.

    However, co-occurring diagnoses are common, with research showing that 44% of individuals with alcohol addiction and 64.4% of those with drug addiction had a diagnosed mental condition.

    This is known as a dual diagnosis.

    The most common dual diagnoses relating to substance misuse are depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia.

    Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Oxfordshire are equipped with therapies to help manage these dual diagnoses during your treatment.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    What Happens after Drug and Alcohol Rehab?

    AA meeting

    A lot of individuals who struggle with addiction worry about what may happen after leaving rehab.

    However, Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Oxfordshire offer you complete addiction treatment programmes, including post-rehab care to help lower the risk of relapsing.

    Regular meetings with professionals following rehab allow you to monitor your progress safely.

    Alongside a tailored package specific to the drug and alcohol rehab in Oxfordshire you attend, there are other aftercare services available to support you in your post-rehab journey.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    What Support Will I Get After Rehab in Oxfordshire?

    A mother and her two daughters walking together

    OK Rehab will always refer you to a drug and alcohol rehab that provides an aftercare programme. We believe it is vital that you receive support beyond rehab. Otherwise, you are likely to fall back into old patterns.

    Usually, aftercare programmes include individual therapy, 12-step programmes, check-ups, support groups, and access to a 24/7 helpline.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    Aftercare and Support Services

    A man sitting at an AA meeting smiling

    There are many kinds of aftercare you can access after the rehab process ends.

    Some of the options available in Oxfordshire include:

    Addiction can be very difficult, painful, and exhausting. Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Oxfordshire is available to help alleviate the hardship.

    Ok Rehab is open and able to extend a hand to anyone out there needing support for addiction or looking into their options regarding drug and alcohol rehab.

    There is a place for everyone; anyone struggling with addiction can find a suitable drug and alcohol rehab to fit their needs in Oxfordshire.

    Use our Help and FAQ sections for more information or to request a call back from a professional.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    I Want to Accept Help

    young woman dancing to her music outside

    We would be delighted to help you on your journey to recovery. Simply call us on 0800 326 5559 for a free initial assessment. A lovely helpline advisor will guide you through the process of getting help for yourself or a loved one.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline: 0800 326 5559

    References

    [1]https://insight.oxfordshire.gov.uk/cms/system/files/documents/20190416_Drug_Alcohol_NeedsAssessment_0.pdf

    [2] https://americanaddictioncenters.org/alcoholism-treatment/cage-questionnaire-assessment

    [3] https://www.apa.org/pi/about/publications/caregivers/practice-settings/intervention/community-reinforcement

    [4] https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-based-guide-third-edition/frequently-asked-questions/drug-addiction-treatment-worth-its-costhttps://www.help.org/rehab-cost/

    [5] https://adf.org.au/drug-facts/cocaine/

    [6] https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/alcohol-withdrawal-a-to-z

    [7] https://nida.nih.gov/publications/drugfacts/cocaine

    [8] https://www.asam.org/docs/default-source/advocacy/opioid-addiction

    [9] https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/heroin/what-are-treatments-heroin-use-disorder

    [10] https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/what-marijuana

    [11] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3069146/

    [12] https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/marijuana-addictive

    [13] https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/available-treatments-marijuana-use-disorders

    [14]https://clinica.ispa.pt/ficheiros/areas_utilizador/user11/9._alliance_in_individual_psychotherapy.pdf

    [15]https://clinica.ispa.pt/ficheiros/areas_utilizador/user11/9._alliance_in_individual_psychotherapy.pdf

    [16] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64223/

    [17] https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/bulletin/bulletin_1988-01-01_1_page007.html

    [18] https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/drugs-and-treatments/talking-therapy-and-counselling/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-cbt/

    [19] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897895/

    [20] https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/drugs-and-treatments/talking-therapy-and-counselling/dialectical-behaviour-therapy-dbt/#:~:text=Dialectical%20behaviour%20therapy%20(DBT)%20is,Learn%20skills%20to%20manage%20them

    [21] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4401596/

    [22] https://motivationalinterviewing.org/understanding-motivational-interviewing

    [23] https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/drugs-and-treatments/complementary-and-alternative-therapies/types-of-complementary-and-alternative-therapies/

    [24] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5115643/

    [25] https://nida.nih.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-based-guide-third-edition/evidence-based-approaches-to-drug-addiction-treatment/behavioral-therapies/12-step

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